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2019.07.11

Technical fabrics

The world is advancing rapidly and the textile sector is also moving at very fast pace. New materials are gaining a foothold in our closet because, believe it or not, among your favorite pieces of clothing many of them are manufactured with technical textiles. But what is this exactly?

Definition

We can describe technical fabrics as those that have properties and features such as fire resistance, thermal insulation, antibacterial and many others properties. In short, they are materials that provide "extra" qualities to the fabrics to improve their functionality.

These types of fabrics are used not only to make clothing, but also for medical materials, household components or construction materials. But, above all, these fabrics have become famous for its applications in the sport industry, resulting in ultra-light technical clothing, which adapts as a second skin, being in many cases breathable or waterproof, among other characteristics.

Apart from the sport industry, there are many other sectors that make use of these types of fabrics such as for example the uniforms sector. Workwear requires specific characteristics to adapt the clothing to the worker and to his or her job. This is the only way to obtain functional work garments of the highest quality. At Norvil for example, we use technical fabrics to improve our garments as it is the case in our latest collection, Oxígeno, in which we have used, among others:

  • Fabric with coolcomfot and antibacterial embossed finish: a type of antibacterial fabric that eliminates perspiration, it is lightweight and quick drying.
  • Fabric made with carbon: clothing made with this material is antistatic, antibacterial, have high performance and protect against UVA rays. 

Categorization

According to the characteristics offered by this type of fabrics they can be classified as follows:

  • Microcapsules: this type of fabric achieves insulation from cold and heat adapting to environmental conditions.
  • Hydrogels: they are known as textile cosmetics and serve to prevent infections from external agents or to release aromas to generate a feeling of well-being.
  • With memory: it contains thermoplastic polyurethane that functions as a "memory of the body shape".
  • Electronics: garments with this type of fabric can provide information in real time about the person who is wearing it.
  • Nanotechnology: they are used to make garments that do not get dirty, eliminate odors and contaminants, and even repel bacteria and viruses.

As you can see, the textile sector keeps on improving and innovating in applications, characteristics and types of fabric to provide to the clothing and the user with an unparalleled and comfortable experience.

All that said, uniforms are not just a matter of fashion, there is a whole world to continue discovering about the functionalities of the different fabrics and at Norvil we work for it.